Impact of mobile EU citizens on national social security systems
According to a study published by the European Commission, in most EU countries, EU citizens from other Member States use welfare benefits less intensively than the host country’s nationals. Regarding cash benefits such as social pensions, disability allowances and non-contributory job-seekers allowances financed by general taxation, the study shows that EU mobile citizens account for a very small share of beneficiaries and that the budgetary impact of such claims on national welfare budgets is very low. The study also found that non-active EU mobile citizens represent a very small share of the total population in each Member State and between 0.7% and 1.0% of the overall EU population and that the expenditures associated with healthcare provided to non-active EU mobile citizens are very small relative to the size of total health spending (0.2% on average) or the size of the economy of the host countries (0.01% of GDP on average).
In sum, the study highlights that majority of mobile EU citizens move to another Member State to work and that the so called benefit tourism is neither widespread nor systematic.