Young people in the EU

Eurostat Release: Young people in the EU

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, has issued two new Statistics Explained articles on “Youth unemployment” and “Participation of young persons in education and in the labour market”.

The articles explain concepts and definitions used to describe the structure of the youth population in a comprehensive way, in order to facilitate the interpretation and assessment of related statistics for users.


The article “[ ]Youth unemployment” explains how youth unemployment in the European Union (EU) is measured and how youth unemployment rates are affected by the transition of young adults from education to the labour market.

Two factors are particularly relevant. First, there is a steep rise in participation in the labour market between the ages of 15 and 24. Second, young people in education are often also employed or unemployed, so there is an overlap between the labour market and education.


The article “[ ]Participation of young people in education and the labour market” focuses on the complex interplay between education and labour market participation in the European Union (EU) and its Member States, supplementing a companion article on youth unemployment.

In the case of young people, participation in education and in the labour market interact in complex ways going beyond a straightforward one-way transition from school to work.

In some countries, young people start working much earlier than in others, e.g. in the form of summer jobs or jobs for students.

It is also possible to be in education and on the labour market at the same time, leading to an overlap. It is important to be aware of these issues when interpreting and assessing youth unemployment rates.